Etsy, Inc. Reports Third Quarter 2020 Financial Results

Etsy LIcensing International

Brooklyn, NY — Etsy, Inc. (ETSY), which operates two-sided online marketplaces that connect millions of passionate and creative buyers and sellers around the world,  announced financial results for its third quarter ended Sept. 30, 2020.

“We delivered very strong results during the third quarter, with consolidated GMS and revenue growth up 119% and 128% respectively, evidence of our focused execution, engagement with our buyers and sellers, and our strong brand, underpinned by the unique inventory in our marketplace,” said Josh Silverman, Etsy, Inc. Chief Executive Officer. “Consumer shopping habits have been greatly influenced by the events of 2020, and Etsy truly stands for something different. We’ve been able to sustain growth by driving retention and frequency of our existing buyers as well as becoming an important shopping destination for new buyers. While early, our incremental investments in product and marketing – specifically focused on search and frequency – are driving improvements in the customer experience. We are proud of our momentum, built on the strength of our business model and with the support of our engaged and focused team.”

Third Quarter 2020 Financial Summary
(in thousands, except percentages; unaudited)
The unaudited GAAP and non-GAAP financial measures and key operating and financial metrics we use are:
  Three Months Ended

September 30,

  % Growth



  Nine Months Ended

September 30,

  % Growth



  2020   2019     2020   2019  
GMS (1) $ 2,633,927     $ 1,200,371     119.4 %   $ 6,676,001     $ 3,319,228     101.1 %
Revenue $ 451,478     $ 197,947     128.1 %   $ 1,108,270     $ 548,381     102.1 %
Marketplace revenue $ 341,623     $ 141,628     141.2 %   $ 829,575     $ 403,995     105.3 %
Services revenue $ 109,855     $ 56,319     95.1 %   $ 278,695     $ 144,386     93.0 %
Net income $ 91,761     $ 14,801     520.0 %   $ 200,708     $ 64,603     210.7 %
Adjusted EBITDA (Non-GAAP) $ 151,443     $ 42,076     259.9 %   $ 357,127     $ 131,644     171.3 %
Active sellers 3,681     2,592     42.0 %   3,681     2,592     42.0 %
Active buyers 69,649     44,807     55.4 %   69,649     44,807     55.4 %
Percent mobile GMS 62 %   59 %   300 bps   61 %   59 %   200 bps
Percent international GMS 35 %   36 %   (100 ) bps   34 %   38 %   (400 ) bps


(1) GMS for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 includes Reverb’s GMS of $205.1 million and $76.9 million,
respectively. GMS for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $2.4 billion and $1.1 billion,
respectively. GMS for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 includes Reverb’s GMS of $600.4 million and
$76.9 million, respectively. GMS for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 was $6.1 billion and
$3.2 billion, respectively.

For information about how we define our metrics, see our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020.

“2020 demonstrates the scalability and value of our marketplace business model,” said Rachel Glaser, Etsy, Inc. Chief Financial Officer. “We have a very disciplined approach to our investments with a goal to deliver profitable long-term growth. Our investments in marketing have contributed to encouraging progress in buyer retention and frequency which will serve as a foundation for the future. Etsy is uniquely positioned to leverage our strong balance sheet, dynamic business model, and solid fundamentals to capitalize on our large addressable market.”

Third Quarter 2020 Highlights

Select highlights of our third quarter operating performance and business initiatives are outlined below:

  • Of the 138 million all time buyers on the Etsy marketplace, approximately 50% have now purchased at least once in the last year, with approximately 69 million active buyers in the third quarter. In addition, the Etsy marketplace saw an influx of 14.8 million new buyers and reactivated buyers during the third quarter – the latter being those who haven’t purchased in a year or more. We have implemented various strategies to engage and target new and existing buyers on and off-site, with personalized and consistent messaging across many channels, driving repeat visitation.
  • The majority of Etsy’s GMS is driven by existing buyers, and we have experienced a significant change in buyer cohorts in terms of the frequency with which they shop and the amount they are spending on Etsy. In terms of third quarter 2020 GMS per buyer, when using data for our 2018 buyer cohort as a proxy for how our historical cohorts have performed, existing buyers have increased their GMS per buyer by more than 50% in the third quarter of 2020 when compared to the third quarter of 2019, even when excluding face mask purchases.
  • We have also seen an increase in the value of our recent new buyer cohorts when measured by GMS per buyer. For example, a buyer in the second quarter of 2020, whose first purchase was not a face mask, spent 50% more in their subsequent purchases in the first 90 days on Etsy than a new buyer in the second quarter of 2019. New buyers in the second quarter of 2020 whose first purchase on Etsy was a face mask are similarly valuable in GMS per buyer in terms of subsequent 90-day purchases, although they are primarily returning to Etsy to buy more face masks.
  • We made additional progress in search and discovery by relieving friction in the search journey to make the site more browseable, increasing site performance, and improving the relevance and engagement of recommendations. We removed guided search icons, which had a neutral impact as we’ve made improvements to organic search, and launched Single Page App pagination to create faster, more responsive search pages. In addition, we began to incorporate buyer characteristics into our ranking algorithm for in-cart recommendations, which drove incremental GMS in the third quarter.
  • We leveraged reviews to help buyers make more informed purchase decisions on items they are searching for. By incorporating machine learning we are now able to prioritize the most helpful reviews which are those that have substantial text, images, and are similar to the target listing.
  • We deepened the human connections in our marketplace by launching listing videos, which help sellers showcase their products to buyers in ways they previously could not with photos, showing their expertise in making and bringing their products to life. As of September 30, 2020, approximately 1.5 million sellers videos were uploaded.
  • Through our product development efforts we built trust in our marketplace by focusing on the core buying experience, improving shipping transparency and post-purchase experiences. We are helping buyers better understand when they should expect an item to arrive by expanding listing coverage of expected delivery dates. We launched a tool to help sellers adjust their processing times, a key input for expected delivery dates, based on their historical performance for time to ship.
  • We added enhancements to our Etsy Ads (formerly Promoted Listings) service, improving the relevance of ads in search and the speed of incorporating changes in a seller’s budget. We also made our Etsy Ads infrastructure more efficient, providing better search results while simultaneously using fewer cloud resources. To add to the seller experience, we launched performance graphs in the ads dashboard, helping to make advertising on Etsy as easy as possible for our sellers. These efforts contributed to the 91.4% year-over-year growth of on-site advertising revenue in the third quarter.
  • We significantly increased our investments in marketing, and our optimization of spend across our marketing channels, with a particular focus on increasing the percentage of spend to mid and upper funnel channels. Upper funnel marketing spend, including television and digital video, was 18.1% of our overall marketing spend, or approximately $23 million, in the third quarter. During the quarter, the teams also worked to finalize our holiday plans, which include a sales hub, earlier visibility of holiday onsite, and gift guides.
  • We’re also investing to drive frequency and buyer engagement. During the quarter, we launched a new buyer offer to target buyers through a series of emails after their initial purchase. We leveraged our CRM capabilities and machine learning to incentivize buyers to return to the site for a subsequent purchase.
  • Our team remains highly productive while working remotely. During this time we allocated resources to critical infrastructure improvements to more accurately categorize our inventory and are investing in longer-term initiatives such as search and frequency and are seeing encouraging data from our recent product launches.
  • Reverb launched a new feature that enables sellers to offer more competitive shipping rates to buyers that purchase multiple qualifying items. Reverb also made investments in customer support that are shortening response times for buyers and sellers.

Additional GMS highlights for the third quarter of 2020 include:

  • GMS excluding mask sales for the Etsy marketplace was $2.2 billion, up 93% year-over-year, and 11% of the Etsy marketplace’s overall GMS was from mask sales.
  • Etsy marketplace’s GMS per active buyer on a trailing 12-month basis grew 8% year-over-year and 4% excluding masks.
  • In the third quarter, the Etsy marketplace delivered 9.6 million new buyers and 5.2 million reactivated buyers who have not purchased in a year or more. Habitual buyers, buyers with 6 or more purchase days and over $200 in spend in the trailing 12-months, grew 104%, outpacing overall active buyer growth, and repeat buyers, buyers with 2 or more purchase days in the trailing 12-months, grew 70% in the third quarter.
  • GMS from paid channels was 19% of overall GMS in the third quarter of 2020, expanding 500 basis points compared to the third quarter of 2019.
  • Consolidated active buyers grew 55.4% year-over-year in the third quarter, and active sellers grew 42.0% year-over-year.

Third Quarter 2020 Consolidated Financial Results

  • Total revenue was $451.5 million for the third quarter of 2020, up 128.1% year-over-year, driven by strong growth in both Marketplace and Services revenue.
  • Consolidated take rate was 17.1% for the third quarter of 2020, up 60 basis points year-over-year, driven by Etsy Ads,  Offsite Ads, and the expansion of our Etsy Payments Platform.
  • Gross profit for the third quarter of 2020 was $331.3 million, up 156.8% year-over-year, and gross margin was 73.4%, up 820 basis points compared with 65.2% in the third quarter of 2019. The expansion in gross margin was primarily driven by our shift to Offsite Ads, which drives revenue growth without an equal offset in cost of revenue, and to a lesser extent revenue growth from Etsy Ads.
  • Income from operations was $118.2 million in the third quarter of 2020, up 730% year-over-year, compared to a decline of 24% in the third quarter of 2019. The increase in income from operations was driven by an increase in gross profit coupled with leverage in operating expenses. Operating expenses were up 85.7% year-over-year driven primarily by our investments in marketing initiatives, including our shift to Offsite Ads where Etsy leverages its expertise and marketing budget to drive growth for sellers.
  • Net income for the third quarter of 2020 was $91.8 million, with diluted earnings per share of $0.70.
  • Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter of 2020 was $151.4 million and grew 259.9% year-over-year. Non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA margin (i.e., non-GAAP Adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue) was 33.5% in the third quarter of 2020, up 1,220 basis points year-over-year. Adjusted EBITDA performance was driven primarily by year-over-year revenue growth.
  • Cash, cash equivalents, short- and long-term investments were $1.6 billion as of September 30, 2020 in addition to a $200 million revolving credit facility that is currently undrawn. During the quarter, we issued $650.0 million of 7-year convertible senior notes. A portion of the proceeds were used to repurchase $301.1 million of our 0% Convertible Senior Notes due 2023 (“2018 Notes”) and to enter into $74.7 million of capped call instruments.


Financial Guidance and Outlook
Below is Etsy’s guidance for the fourth quarter of 2020.
    Q4 2020 Guidance
    October 28, 2020
GMS Year-Over-Year Growth   65% – 85%
    ~$2.7B – $3.1B
Revenue Year-Over-Year Growth   70% – 90%
    ~$459M – $513M
Adjusted EBITDA Margin*   24% – 27%
    ~$117M – $131M
*Assumes the midpoint of our revenue guidance.


“We are making significant investments today that reflect our strong conviction that Etsy has considerable opportunities for further growth – and that investments in technology, marketing, product, and people will yield both near and long-term benefits,” continued Mr. Silverman. “We’re focused on driving seller growth and bringing joy to buyers this holiday season. So far, October GMS growth trends for both Etsy and Reverb have been similar to what we experienced in September. Looking further out, 2021 is extremely hard to predict and we will be lapping enormous 2020 growth. We are confident that investing in Etsy’s ‘Right to Win’ strategy will enable us to capitalize on our large market opportunity and unique position in e-commerce.”

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Etsy will host a video webcast conference call to discuss these results at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time today, which will be live-streamed via the Company’s Investor Relations website ( under the events section. Those interested in submitting questions during the earnings call can do so by using the Q&A chat window, which will be available during the webcast. A copy of the earnings call presentation will also be posted to our website.

A replay of the video webcast will be available through the same link following the conference call starting at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time this evening, for at least three months thereafter.

About Etsy

Etsy, Inc. operates two-sided online marketplaces that connect millions of passionate and creative buyers and sellers around the world. Our primary marketplace,, is the global destination for unique and creative goods. Buyers come to Etsy to be inspired and delighted by items that are crafted and curated by creative entrepreneurs. For sellers, we offer a range of tools and services that address key business needs. In addition, Etsy, Inc. owns Reverb, a leading global online marketplace dedicated to buying and selling new, used, and vintage musical instruments.

Etsy’s mission is to “Keep Commerce Human,” and we’re committed to using the power of business to strengthen communities and empower people. Our company was founded in 2005 and is headquartered in Brooklyn, New York.

Etsy has used, and intends to continue using, its Investor Relations website and the Etsy News Blog ( to disclose material non-public information and to comply with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, you should monitor our investor relations website and the Etsy News Blog in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings, and public conference calls and webcasts.

Investor Relations Contact:

Deb Wasser, Vice President, Investor Relations

Gabriel Ratcliff, Director, Investor Relations

Media Relations Contact:

Sarah Marx, Senior Manager, Corporate Communications

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains or references forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements include statements relating to our financial guidance for the fourth quarter of 2020 and key drivers thereof; the impact of our investments on topline and profitable growth; our ability to capitalize on our large market opportunity; and the uncertain impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic may have on our business, strategy, operating results, key metrics, financial condition, profitability, and cash flows and changes in overall level of consumer spending and volatility in the global economy. Forward-looking statements include all statements that are not historical facts. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “could,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” “may,” “plans,” “will,” or similar expressions and the negatives of those words.

Forward-looking statements involve substantial risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those that we expect. These risks and uncertainties include: (1) risks related to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which continues to impact our GMS, other key metrics and results of operations in numerous ways that remain volatile and unpredictable; (2) the fluctuation of our quarterly operating results; (3) our failure to meet our publicly announced guidance or other expectations; (4) our ability to successfully execute on our business strategy or if our strategy proves to be ineffective; (5) our ability to attract and retain an active and engaged community of sellers and buyers; (6) our ability to continue our rapid growth; (7) macroeconomic events that are outside of our control; (8) our ability to recruit and retain employees; (9) the importance to our success of the trustworthiness of our marketplaces and the connections within our community; (10) our ability to enhance our current offerings and develop new offerings to respond to the changing needs of sellers and buyers; (11) the effectiveness of our marketing efforts; (12) the effectiveness of our mobile solutions for sellers and buyers; (13) our ability to expand our business in our core geographic markets; (14) regulation in the area of privacy and protection of user data; (15) our dependence on third-party payment providers; (16) acquisitions that may prove unsuccessful or divert management attention, including our acquisition of Reverb; and (17) the potential misuse or disclosure of sensitive information about members of our community and the potential for cyber-attacks. These risks and uncertainties are more fully described in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including in the section entitled “Risk Factors” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, and subsequent reports that we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance, achievements, or events and circumstances reflected in the forward-looking statements will occur.

Forward-looking statements represent our beliefs and assumptions only as of the date of this press release. We disclaim any obligation to update forward-looking statements.


Etsy, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands; unaudited)
  As of

September 30,


  As of

December 31,


Current assets:      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 1,144,974     $ 443,293  
Short-term investments 379,586     373,959  
Accounts receivable, net 16,311     15,386  
Prepaid and other current assets 43,590     38,614  
Funds receivable and seller accounts 113,370     49,786  
Total current assets 1,697,831     921,038  
Restricted cash 5,341     5,341  
Property and equipment, net 118,141     144,864  
Goodwill 139,740     138,731  
Intangible assets, net 189,120     199,236  
Deferred tax assets 1,819     14,257  
Long-term investments 36,679     89,343  
Other assets 25,834     29,542  
Total assets $ 2,214,505     $ 1,542,352  
Current liabilities:      
Accounts payable $ 22,130     $ 26,324  
Accrued expenses 174,206     88,345  
Finance lease obligations—current 8,345     8,275  
Funds payable and amounts due to sellers 113,370     49,786  
Deferred revenue 10,508     7,617  
Other current liabilities 12,383     8,181  
Total current liabilities 340,942     188,528  
Finance lease obligations—net of current portion 47,147     53,611  
Deferred tax liabilities 63,448     64,497  
Long-term debt, net 1,054,604     785,126  
Other liabilities 41,697     43,956  
Total liabilities 1,547,838     1,135,718  
Total stockholders’ equity 666,667     406,634  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity $ 2,214,505     $ 1,542,352  


Etsy, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts; unaudited)
  Three Months Ended

September 30,

  Nine Months Ended

September 30,

  2020   2019   2020   2019
Revenue $ 451,478     $ 197,947     $ 1,108,270     $ 548,381  
Cost of revenue 120,168     68,949     313,965     180,212  
Gross profit 331,310     128,998     794,305     368,169  
Operating expenses:              
Marketing 126,779     50,098     289,991     131,536  
Product development 45,908     32,465     128,923     86,177  
General and administrative 40,454     32,203     112,717     86,733  
Total operating expenses 213,141     114,766     531,631     304,446  
Income from operations 118,169     14,232     262,674     63,723  
Other expense, net (27,776)     (4,143)     (50,272)     (5,828)  
Income before income taxes 90,393     10,089     212,402     57,895  
Benefit (provision) for income taxes 1,368     4,712     (11,694)     6,708  
Net income $ 91,761     $ 14,801     $ 200,708     $ 64,603  
Net income per share attributable to common stockholders:              
Basic $ 0.75     $ 0.12     $ 1.68     $ 0.54  
Diluted $ 0.70     $ 0.12     $ 1.59     $ 0.51  
Weighted-average common shares outstanding:              
Basic 121,978,272     120,351,095     119,666,841     120,090,291  
Diluted 137,560,385     126,243,168     134,376,695     126,471,364  


Etsy, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands; unaudited)
  Nine Months Ended

September 30,

  2020   2019
Cash flows from operating activities      
Net income $ 200,708     $ 64,603  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:      
Stock-based compensation expense 47,664     31,056  
Depreciation and amortization expense 45,088     32,760  
Provision for expected credit losses 9,572     7,464  
Foreign exchange loss 8,559     25  
Non-cash interest expense 26,326     10,500  
Deferred income taxes 5,755     (6,708)  
Loss on extinguishment of debt 16,855      
Other non-cash expense (income), net 3,231     (664)  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities 71,531     (10,697)  
Net cash provided by operating activities 435,289     128,339  
Cash flows from investing activities      
Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired     (271,353)  
Cash paid for asset acquisition and intangible assets     (1,898)  
Purchases of property and equipment (388)     (5,889)  
Development of internal-use software (3,685)     (6,242)  
Purchases of marketable securities (300,880)     (318,221)  
Sales of marketable securities 346,596     395,348  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities 41,643     (208,255)  
Cash flows from financing activities      
Payment of tax obligations on vested equity awards (19,811)     (23,605)  
Repurchase of stock (191,162)     (154,790)  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 18,486     8,934  
Proceeds from issuance of convertible senior notes 650,000     650,000  
Payment of debt issuance costs (9,764)     (11,142)  
Purchase of capped calls (74,685)     (76,180)  
Settlement of convertible senior notes (137,166)      
Payments on finance lease obligations (7,056)     (8,177)  
Other financing, net (8,268)     3,148  
Net cash provided by financing activities 220,574     388,188  
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash 4,175     (3,488)  
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash 701,681     304,784  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period 448,634     372,326  
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period $ 1,150,315     $ 677,110  

Currency-Neutral GMS Growth

We calculate currency-neutral GMS growth by translating current period GMS for goods sold that were listed in non-U.S. dollar currencies into U.S. dollars using prior year foreign currency exchange rates.

As reported and currency-neutral GMS growth for the periods presented below is as follows and include the operations of Reverb since August 15, 2019 (the date of acquisition):

  Quarter-to-Date Period Ended   Year-to-Date Period Ended
  As Reported   Currency-Neutral   FX Impact   As Reported   Currency-Neutral   FX Impact
September 30, 2020 119.4 %   117.4 %   2.0 %   101.1 %   100.9 %   0.2 %
June 30, 2020 145.6 %   146.7 %   (1.1) %   90.8 %   91.6 %   (0.8) %
March 31, 2020 32.2 %   32.6 %   (0.4) %   32.2 %   32.6 %   (0.4) %
December 31, 2019 32.8 %   33.0 %   (0.2) %   26.5 %   27.5 %   (1.0) %
September 30, 2019 30.1 %   31.1 %   (1.0) %   23.6 %   26.1 %   (2.5) %

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted EBITDA

In this press release, we provide Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP financial measure that represents our net income adjusted to exclude: interest and other non-operating expense, net; (benefit) provision for income taxes; depreciation and amortization; stock-based compensation expense; foreign exchange loss; acquisition-related expenses; non-ordinary course disputes; and loss on extinguishment of debt. Below is a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net income, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure.

We have included Adjusted EBITDA because it is a key measure used by our management and Board of Directors to evaluate our operating performance and trends, allocate internal resources, prepare and approve our annual budget, develop short- and long-term operating plans, determine incentive compensation, and assess the health of our business. As our Adjusted EBITDA increases, we are able to invest more in our platform.

We believe that Adjusted EBITDA can provide a useful measure for period-to-period comparisons of our business as it removes the impact of certain non-cash items and certain variable charges.

Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect other non-operating expenses, net of other non-operating income, including net interest expense;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us;
  • although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized may have to be replaced in the future, and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect cash capital expenditure requirements for such replacements or for new capital expenditure requirements;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of stock-based compensation expense;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of foreign exchange loss;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect acquisition-related expenses;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of non-ordinary course disputes;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not consider the impact of the loss on extinguishment of debt; and
  • other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because of these limitations, you should consider Adjusted EBITDA alongside other financial performance measures, including net income and our other GAAP results.

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA
  Three Months Ended

September 30,

  Nine Months Ended

September 30,

  2020   2019   2020   2019
  (in thousands)
Net income $ 91,761     $ 14,801     $ 200,708     $ 64,603  
Interest and other non-operating expense, net (1) 9,457     2,194     24,105     4,749  
(Benefit) provision for income taxes (1,368)     (4,712)     11,694     (6,708)  
Depreciation and amortization (2) 15,754     12,808     45,088     32,760  
Stock-based compensation expense 17,128     12,137     47,664     31,056  
Foreign exchange loss (3) 1,464     1,949     9,312     1,079  
Acquisition-related expenses (4) 392     1,735     1,701     2,941  
Non-ordinary course disputes     1,164         1,164  
Loss on extinguishment of debt (5) 16,855         16,855      
Adjusted EBITDA $ 151,443     $ 42,076     $ 357,127     $ 131,644  


(1) Included in interest and other non-operating expense, net is primarily non-cash interest expense, including
amortization of debt issuance costs, related to our convertible debt offerings, which were entered into in
March 2018, September 2019, and August 2020.
(2) Included in depreciation and amortization is depreciation expense related to our headquarters lease, which
is accounted for as a finance lease. Additionally, the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and
2019 include amortization expense of acquired intangible assets and developed technology related to the
acquisition of Reverb in the third quarter of 2019.
(3) Foreign exchange loss is primarily driven by the change in U.S. Dollar, Euro, and Pound Sterling exchange
rates on our intercompany and other non-functional currency cash balances.
(4) Acquisition-related expenses are expenses related to our acquisition of Reverb.

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